# There Are 2 Dimensions Of Time, Theoretical Physicist States

That’s
according to Itzhak Bars of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles.
The normal three dimensions including up-down, left-right, forward-back, and
space-time. In Bars’s theory, time isn’t linear, but a 2D plane in curvature
interwoven throughout these dimensions and more.

Dr. Bars has
been crafting “two time physics” for over a decade now. It all started when he
began questioning the role time plays in relation to gravity and other forces.
Though the idea of more dimensions sounds bizarre, more and more physicists are
considering the idea, because it could allow for the coveted unified theory of
physics or "theory of everything" to take shape. This would bring
together all the fundamental forces of the universe into one clean,
mathematical equation.

Itzhak Bars.
USC Press Room. University of Southern California.

Two-dimensions
of time would make time travel possible. Instead of being linear, at some point
time loops back on itself. In this way, you could travel back or forward in
time. It also raises the specter of the “grandfather paradox.” This is killing
your maternal grandfather, accidentally, before your mother is born, negating
your own birth.

So if there
are all these extra dimensions, how come we don’t experience them? In two time
theory, they’re so infinitesimally small, we can’t see them. In this view, we
move through these tiny, balled up dimensions all of the time, but never notice
them.

If we were
to fashion technology on the subatomic level, we might be able to detect these
additional dimensions, Bars claims. Another aspect, the electrical charges
associated with certain particles may in fact exist, due to their interaction
with these other dimensions of space.

M-theory,
first posited in 1995, has turned physics on its head. According to celebrity
physicist Dr. Michio Kaku, this is a superstring theory, the only one which can
heal the puzzling gulf now inhabiting physics. M-theory contains 10 dimensions
of space and one of time, all told.

Bars’s
theory allows for time travel. JMortonPhoto.com & OtoGodfrey.com. Wikimedia
Commons

M-theory
stands for “membrane theory.” Some call it the “mother of all theories.” This
is a unified theory where the universe is made up of different membranes. With
string theory, quarks—the tiniest particles in the universe, are actually made
up of vibrating strings of energy. Each vibrate at a certain pitch, much like
the strings on a harp.

Each
vibration corresponds to a certain particle, a proton, an electron, and so
forth. They also account for the four natural forces of the universe: gravity,
electromagnetism, and the stronger and weaker nuclear forces. There are five
possible string theories, and m-theory fits them all together.

Previous to
this, physicists were working with a theory of super-gravity. In this model,
the universe operates not as a series of strings but of membranes or “branes.”
Mm…branes. M-theory adopted this as well. Today, we think of all of these as
different aspects of a single framework, the superstructure of the universe.
Basically, m-theory states that string and super-gravity theory can fit
together mathematically.

Overall, the
details of m-theory remain blurred. “

**Nobody has yet told us what the fundamental form of m-theory is,**” Bars said. A smattering of clues is all that he and colleagues have to go on. The work of current and future physicists is likely to elucidate more. It was m-theory that got Bars thinking about an extra dimension of time. With his two dimensions of time and the 10 dimensions already in m-theory, that would mean that we inhabit a 13 dimension universe.
Experiments
at CERN may prove Bars theory correct. Getty Images.

In two time
theory, the four dimensions we are familiar with are just a “shadow” of the six
we actually encounter. If this proves true, all of physics will need to be
reexamined. Heisenberg’s principle states that you can measure a particle for
momentum or position, but not both simultaneously. Why has been a mystery?
Perhaps they’re in different times.

According to
Bars, the position and momentum behind a particle are indistinguishable in any
particular instant. By interchanging momentum for position, the physics remains
the same. Look at a wooden box. Whether you look at its right or left side,
it’s symmetrical. Here, the same type of symmetry holds true.

To figure
out velocity, we divide distance by time. But if we can swap position and
momentum interchangeably that means that each may be given their own unique
dimension of time. In this way, the universe may be hiding an extra dimension
of time from us.

Bars insists
that two time theory is more than just a mathematical sleight of hand. He told
the New Scientist, "

**These extra dimensions are out there, as real as the three dimensions of space and one of time we experience directly.**" If proven true, it may even help us find out why, after an exhaustive search, we have failed to find axions—the supposed building blocks of dark matter. Bars believes experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) near Geneva, Switzerland, may ultimately prove his theory correct.
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